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If you experience pain when you press between the bones of your foot, when you squeeze the foot, or on one toe and the adjacent side of the next toe, you may want to have a physician check for Morton’s Syndrome. To prevent Morton’s Syndrome, rest is generally recommended, though sometimes wearing a metatarsal raise to raise and spread the bones of the forefoot are also recommended. Rehabilitation, strengthening, and stretching will probably follow a positive diagnosis.
May become chronic if not treated. Symptoms to look out for include a mild pain at the heel bone often called a “stone bruise”. It is more likely to be felt after exercise or after arising from a midday lunch break.
Preventing a plantar fascia strain is a relatively simple matter; simply rest or use a crutch once pain is felt and some physicians may recommend rehabilitation. The injury heals in at most 3 weeks.
Treating Plantar Fasciitis is simple: rest is the most important. Keep weight off of the afflicted foot and apply ice for twenty minutes a few times each day as needed. There are also some home exercises that can be done to treat the injury.
Overuse and too much training in a short period of time are typical causes of metatarsal fractures. Other symptoms indicating a stress fracture include a gradual onset of pain and swelling. In acute fractures brought on by a sudden impact, symptoms include acute pain and immediate, often severe swelling.
With stress fractures, your physician will usually recommend rest and activity can be resumed in about six weeks. Acute fractures demand a cast in most situations and also require about six weeks of rest.
Treatment is generally started by taping the foot, anti-inflammatory medication to control pain and swelling, and possibly cortisone injections. Physical therapy may also be used and in rare instances, surgery.
Damage to the Achilles tendon is generally due to overuse, with pain appearing gradually at first then growing more constant until exercise/activity is too painful to continue with. Weak calf muscles are also to blame; should the calf muscle become tired, it tightens and shortens, heightening the risk for damage to the Achilles tendon. A sudden increase in training, speedwork, or hill runs lead to Achilles tendon damage.
The obvious treatment for Achilles tendonitis is to scale back your level of training. Stretch your calves after exercise while they are still flexible. The best thing to do is keep an eye on your muscle’s soreness and balance your training with that in mind.
Treating ankle sprains is usually a matter of the RICE plan (rest, ice, compress, elevate). Anti-inflammatory medicine may be used to control swelling for the first 7-10 days.
Pronation is a key factor in being prone to bunions. If you have pain around the ball of the big toe, you may not only have a bunion, but you may have difficulty or even be unable to wear certain types of shoes.
Using foam, keep the big toe and its partner separate. 1cm of foam should be sufficient. If that does not help, a podiatrist can offer an orthotic device for your feet or suggest surgery in serious cases.
There are many types of bursitis (elbow, knee, shoulder, hip, etc), but most diagnoses are consistent in that each show tenderness and swelling over the bursa along with pain during movement. Inflamed bursas carry a small chance of getting infected. If you experience open wounds around the area of bursitis, redness, or a fever/chills, contact a doctor immediately.
Treating bursitis is a matter of resting and protecting the affected area. Ice it down, take anti-inflammatory medicines to control swelling, with physical therapy & cortisone injections available for persistent cases. Physical rehab may be recommended for serious cases.